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液压专业英语对照

时间:2017-03-20来源:澳门新葡8455最新网站浏览次数:

液压气压传动:Fluid power drives
液压传动:Hydraulic power drive
气压传动;pneumatic power drive
静液压传动、容积式液压传动:Hydrostatic power drive
动液压传动:Hydrodynamic power drive
容积泵:Positive-displacement pump
叶片泵:Impeller-type pump
容积式液压马达:Hydraulic actuator
叶片式液压马达:Impeller-type Hydraulic motor
液压管路:Hydraulic line , line
吸入管路:Intake line
排出管路、压力管路:pressure line
回流管路:Return line
排(疏)液管路:Drain line
泵:Pump
(泵的)流量、排量:Pump capacity
液压马达:Hydraulic motor
定(恒)量泵:Constant-displacement pump
恒速液压马达:Constant-speed hydraulic motor
变量泵:Variable-displacement pump
变速液压马达:Variable-speed hydraulic
泵-马达:Pump-motor
压缩机:Air compressor
气压马达:Pneumatic motor
真空泵:Vacuum pump
风机:Fan
齿轮泵:Gear pump
齿轮式液压马达:Gear-type hydraulic motor
转子泵、回转式泵:Rotary abutment pump
转子式液压马达、回转式液压马达:Rotary abutment motor
螺杆泵:Screw pump
螺杆式液压马达:Screw motor
滑片泵:Vane pump
滑片式液压马达:Vane motor
轴向活塞泵:Axial-piston pump
轴向活塞式液压马达:Axial-piston motor
气压缸:pneumatic cylinder
活塞:Piston
活塞杆:Piston rod
单(向)作用缸、单动缸:Single-acting cylinder
双(向)作用缸、双动缸:Double-acting cylinder
活塞腔、活塞侧:head end of cylinder
活塞杆腔、活塞杆侧:Rod end of cylinder
柱塞缸:Plunger cylinder
伸缩缸、套筒式缸:Telescoping cylinder
隔膜作动缸:Diaphragm actuator
摆动式液压机、摆动式液压马达、摆动油缸:Limited rotary Hydraulic motor
滑片式摆动液压机、滑片式摆动液压马达、滑片式摆动油缸:Vane-type limited rotary motor
活塞式摆动液压机、活塞式摆动液压马达、活塞式摆动油缸:Piston-type limited rotary motor
液压变换器、换压器:Hydraulic transformer
液压控制阀:Hydraulic control valve
滑阀:Spool valve Slide valve
液压开关、旋塞(阀):Rotary valve
阀门、阀:Seat valve
压力(控制)阀:Pressure control valve
定差减压阀:Relief valve
安全阀:Safety valve
减压阀:Pressure reducing valve
单向阀:Check valve
节流阀:Throttle
节流:throttling
工作孔:oriffice
分配阀:distribution valve
液压分配阀、配液阀:Hydraulic distribution valve
气压分配阀、配气阀:pneumatic distribution valve
(液压)蓄压器:Hydraulic accumulator
重锤蓄压器:Weighted hydraulic accumulator
弹簧蓄压器:Spring-loaded hydraulic accumulator
管路、管道:pipeline
管子:Pipe
接管零件、管件:Pipe fitting
管节:Pipe coupling
弯头:Elbow
三通管:Tee
四通管:cross
管堵(塞)、外丝堵、螺塞:Male pipe plug
堵盖:Bonnet
鞍形接头、交叉接头:Cross-over(saddle)
内接头、螺纹接头:Shoulder nipple
接管螺母、接头螺母:Collar nut
旋入接头:Threaded bushing
中间接头:Union joint
接管:Union nipple
软管:Hose
流体传动hydraulic power
液压技术hydraulics
液力技术hydrodynamics
气液技术hydropneumatics
运行工况operating conditions
额定工况rated conditions
极限工况limited conditions
瞬态工况instantaneous conditions
稳态工况steady-state conditions
许用工况acceptable conditions
连续工况continuous working conditions
实际工况actual conditions
效率efficiency
旋转方向direction of rotation
公称压力nominal pressure
工作压力working pressure
进口压力inlet pressure
出口压力outlet pressure
压降pressure drop;differential pressure
背压back pressure
启动压力breakout pressure
充油压力charge pressure
开启压力cracking pressure
峰值压力peak pressure
运行压力operating pressure
耐压试验压力proof pressure
打击压力surge pressure
静压力static pressure
系统压力system pressure
控制压力pilot pressure
充气压力pre-charge pressure
吸入压力suction pressure
调压偏差override pressure
额定压力rated pressure
耗气量air consumption
泄漏leakage
内泄漏internal leakage
外泄漏external leakage
层流laminar flow
紊流turbulent flow
气穴cavitation
流量flow rate
排量displacement
额定流量rated flow
供给流量supply flow
流量系数flower factor
滞环hysteresis
图形符号graphical symbol
液压气动元件图形符号symbols for hydraulic and pneumatic components
流体逻辑元件图形符号symbols for fluid logic devices
逻辑功能图形符号symbols for logic functions
回路图circuit diagram
压力-时间图pressure time diagram
功能图function diagram
循环circle
自动循环automatic cycle
工作循环working cycle
循环速度cycling speed
工步phase
停止工步dwell phase
工作工步working phase
快进工步rapid advance phase
快退工步rapid return phase
频率响应frequency response
重复性repeat ability
复现性reproducibility
漂移drift
波动ripple
线性度linearity
线性区linear region
液压锁紧hydraulic lock
液压卡紧sticking
变量泵variable displacement pump
泵的控制control of pump
齿轮泵gear pump
叶片泵vane pump
柱塞泵piston pump
轴向柱塞泵axial piston pump
法兰安装flange mounting
底座安装foot mounting
液压马达hydraulic motor
刚度stiffness
中位neutral position
零位zero position
自由位free position
缸cylinder
有杆端rod end
无杆端rear end
外伸行程extend stroke
内缩行程retract stroke
缓冲cushioning
工作行程working stroke
负载压力induced pressure
输出力force
实际输出力actual force
单作用缸single-acting cylinder
双作用缸double-acting cylinder
差动缸differential cylinder
伸缩缸telescopic cylinder
阀valve
底板sub-plate
油路块manifold block
板式阀sub-plate valve
叠加阀sandwich valve
插装阀cartridge valve
滑阀slide valve
锥阀poppet valve
阀芯valve element
阀芯位置valve element position
单向阀check valve
液控单向阀pilot-controlled check valve
梭阀shuttle valve
压力控制阀pressure relief valve
溢流阀pressure relief valve
顺序阀sequence valve
减压阀pressure reducing valve
平衡阀counterbalance valve
卸荷阀unloading valve
直动式directly operated type
先导式pilot-operated type
机械控制式mechanically controlled type
手动式manually operated type
液控式hydraulic controlled type
流量控制阀flow control valve
固定节流阀fixed restrictive valve
可调节流阀adjustable restrictive valve
单向节流阀one-way restrictive valve
调速阀speed regulator valve
分流阀flow divider valve
集流阀flow-combining valve
截止阀shut-off valve
球阀global(ball) valve
针阀needle valve
闸阀gate valve
膜片阀diaphragm valve
蝶阀butterfly valve
噪声等级noise level
放大器amplifier
模拟放大器analogue amplifier
数字放大器digital amplifier
传感器sensor
阈值threshold
伺服阀servo-valve
四通阀four-way valve
喷嘴挡板nozzle flapper
液压放大器hydraulic amplifier
颤振dither
阀极性valve polarity
流量增益flow gain
对称度symmetry
流量极限flow limit
零位内泄漏null(quiescent) leakage
遮盖lap
零遮盖zero lap
正遮盖over lap
负遮盖under lap
开口opening
零偏null bias
零漂null drift
阀压降valve pressure drop
分辨率resolution
频率响应frequency response
幅值比amplitude ratio
相位移phase lag
通报函数transfer function
管路flow line
硬管rigid tube
软管flexible hose
工作管路working line
回油管路return line
补液管路replenishing line
控制管路pilot line
泄油管路drain line
放气管路bleed line
接头fitting;connection
焊接式接头welded fitting
扩口式接头flared fitting
快换接头quick release coupling
法兰接头flange connection
弯头elbow
异径接头reducer fitting
流道flow pass
油口port
闭式油箱sealed reservoir
油箱容量reservoir fluid capacity
气囊式蓄能器bladder accumulator
空气污染air contamination
固体颗粒污染solid contamination
液体污染liquid contamination
空气过滤器air filter
油雾气lubricator
热交换器heat exchanger
冷凝器cooler
加热器heater
温度控制器thermostat
消声器silencer
双筒过滤器duplex filter
过滤器压降filter pressure drop
有效过滤面积effective filtration area
公称过滤精度nominal filtration rating
压溃压力collapse pressure
填料密封packing seal
机械密封mechanical seal
径向密封radial seal
旋转密封rotary seal
活塞密封piston seal
活塞杆密封rod seal
防尘圈密封wiper seal;scraper
组合垫圈bonded washer
复合密封件composite seal
弹性密封件elastomer seal
丁腈橡胶nitrile butadiene rubber;NBR
聚四氟乙烯polytetrafluoroethene;PTFE
优先控制override control
压力表pressure gauge
压力传感器electrical pressure transducer
压差计differential pressure instrument
液位计liquid level measuring instrument
流量计flow meter
压力开关pressure switch
脉冲发生器pulse generator
液压泵站power station
空气处理惩罚单位air conditioner unit
压力控制回路pressure control circuit
安全回路safety circuit
差动回路differential circuit
调速回路flow control circuit
进口节流回路meter-in circuit
出口节流回路meter-out circuit
同步回路synchronizing circuit
开式回路open circuit
闭式回路closed circuit
管路摆设pipe-work
管卡clamper
联轴器drive shaft coupling
操纵台control console
控制屏control panel
避震喉compensator
粘度viscosity
运动粘度kinematic viscosity
密度density
含水量water content
闪点flash point
防锈性rust protection
抗腐蚀性anti-corrosive quality
便携式颗粒检测仪portable particle counter
电磁阀Solenoid valve
单向阀Check valve
插装阀Cartridge valve
叠加阀Sandwich plate valve
先导阀Pilot valve
液控单向阀Pilot operated check valve
板式安装Sub-plate mount
集成块Manifold block
压力溢流阀Pressure relief valve
流量阀Flow valve
节流阀Throttle valve
双单向节流阀Double throttle check valve
旋钮Rotary knob
节流板Rectifier plate
伺服阀Servo valve
比例阀Proportional valve
位置反馈Position feedback
渐增流量Progressive flow
电磁铁释放De-energizing of solenoid
二、介质类
Phosphate ester (HFD-R) 磷酸甘油酯
Water-glycol (HFC) 水-乙二醇
Emulsion 乳化液
Inhibitor 缓蚀剂
Synthetic lubricating oil 合成油
三、液压安装工程
Contamination 污染
Grout 灌浆
Failure 失效
Jog 点动
Creep 爬行
Abrasion 摩擦
Retract(活塞杆)伸出
Extension (活塞杆)缩回
Malfunction 误动作
Pickling 酸洗
Flushing 冲洗
Dipping process 槽式酸洗
Re-circulation 循环
Passivity 钝化
Nitric acid 柠檬酸
Argon 氩气
Butt welding 对接焊
Socket welding 套管焊
Inert gas welding 惰性气体焊
四、管接头
Bite type fittings 卡套式管接头
Tube to tube fittings 接管接头
union 直通接管接头
union elbow 直角管接头
union tee 三通管接头
union cross 四通管接头
Mal stud fittings 端直通管接头
Bulkhead fittings 长直通管接头
Weld fittings 焊接式管接头
Female connector fittings 接头螺母
Reducers extenders 变径管接头
Banjo fittings 铰接式管接头
Adjustable fittings/swivel nut 旋转接头
五、伺服阀及伺服系统性能参数
Dynamic response 动态频响
DDV-direct drive valve 直动式伺服阀
NFPA-National Fluid Power Association 美国流体控制学会
Phase lag 相位滞后
Nozzle flapper valve 喷嘴挡板阀
Servo-jet pilot valve 射流管阀
Dither 颤振电流
Coil impedance 线圈阻抗
Flow saturation 流量饱和
Linearity 线形度
Symmetry 对称性
Hysterics 滞环
Threshold 灵敏度
Lap 滞后
Pressure gain 压力增益
Null 零位
Null bias 零偏
Null shift 零飘
Frequency response 频率响应
Slope 曲线斜坡
液压系统(hydraulic system)
实行元件(actuator)
液压缸(cylinder)
液压马达(motor)
液压回路(circuit)
压力控制回路(pressure control)
流量(速度)控制回路(speed control)
方向控制回路(directional valve control)
安全回路(security control)
定位回路(position control)
同步回路(synchronise circuit)
顺序动作回路(sequeunt circuit)
液压泵(pump)
阀(valve)
压力控制阀(pressure valve)、
流量控制阀(flow valve)
方向控制阀(directional valve)
液压辅件(accessory)
普通阀(common valve)
插装阀(cartridge valve)
叠加阀(superimposed valve
液压:hydraulic pressure
泵: pump
滤油网:oil filter screen
手动泵:hand pump
电动泵:electric pump
油缸:oil cylinder
牵引车:tractor
索具:rigging
复轨器:rerailing device
Angle Stop Valves 角式截止阀
Angle Throttle Valves 角式节流阀
Angle 无效
Globe Valves 角式截止阀
Butterfly 无效
Non-slam Check 蝶式缓冲止回阀
Butterfly Valves with Gear Actuator 蜗轮传动蝶阀
Cock 二通
CQ Thread Ball Valves CQ 螺纹球阀
Diaphragm Valves 隔膜阀
Double Disc Flat Gate Valves 双闸板平板闸阀
Double Disk Parallel Gate Valves 明杆平行式双闸板闸板
Double Opening Exhaust Valves 双口排气球
Electric Actuated Stop Valves 电动截止阀
Electric Actuated Wedge Gate Valves 电动楔式闸阀
Strainer 过滤器
Electric Double Disk Parallel Gate Valves 电动平行式双闸板闸板
Emergency Cut-off Valves 紧急切断阀
Free Float 无效
Steam Trap 浮球式疏水阀
Flange Ball Valves 法兰球阀
Flange Gate Valves 法兰闸阀
Flange Globe Valves 法兰截止阀
Gauge Valves 仪表阀
Hard Seal Butterfly Valves 金属密封碟阀
High Temperature Pressure Power Station Gate Valves 高温高压电站闸阀
High Temperature Pressure Power Station Globe Valves 高温高压电站截止阀
Lift Check Valves 升降式止回阀
Lift Check Valves 升降式止回阀
Lining Ball Valves 衬里球阀
Lining Butterfly Valves 衬里碟阀
Lining Check Valves 衬里止回阀
Lining Cock 衬里二通
Lining Globe Valves 衬里截止阀
Lining T-Cock Valves 衬里三通旋塞阀
Liquid Indicator 液位计
LPG Pipe Fitting 液化气管件
Magnetic Co-operate Globe Valves 磁耦合截止阀
Magnetism Forle Pumps 磁力泵
Manual Oil Pumps Valves 手摇油泵(阀)
Meter Needle 无效
Globe Valves 仪表针形截止阀
Oblique Stop Valves 直流式截止阀
Parallesl Slide Valves 浆液阀
Piping Centrifugal Pumps 管道离心泵
Piping Pumps 管道泵
Piping Safety Valves 管道安全阀
Plunger Globe Valves 柱塞截止阀
Quick Draining Valves 快速排污阀
Restrictor Valves 过流阀(或节流阀)
Safety Valves 安全阀
Screw Pumps 螺杆泵
Scum Gate Valves 排渣闸阀
Single Disc Flat Gate Valves 单闸板平板闸阀
Single Opening Exhaust Valves 单口排气球
Slurry Pumps 泥浆泵
Stop Valves 截止阀
Submerged Motor Pumps 潜水电泵(排污泵)
Swing Check Valves 旋启式止回阀
Swing Check Valves 旋启式止回阀
Tank Lorry Ball Valves 槽车球阀
T-Cock 三通
Thin Gate Valves 薄型闸阀
Throttle Valves 节流阀
Tiny Drag Slow Shut Check Valves 微阻缓闭止回阀
Under Water Pumps 液下泵
Vacuum Pumps 水力喷射器(真空泵)
Vertical Lift Check Valves 立式止回阀
Wafer Check Valves 对夹式止回阀
Wafer 无效
Butterfly Valves with Rubber Itning 对夹式衬胶蝶阀
Waste Valves 排污箱(阀)
Water Seal Gate Valves 水封闸阀
Wedge Gate Valves 楔式闸阀
Y 无效
and Cylinder Filters Y 型筒型过滤器
液压随动系统Hydrawlic Slave System
液压系统的模拟机分析Analysis of Simulator of Hydraulic System
液压系统数字仿真Digital Imitation in Hydraulic System
液压系统污染控制Pollution Control in Hydraulic System
液压元件Hydraulic Elements
液压元件课程设计Course Exerciese in Hydraulic Elements

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液压专业术语

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